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Full text of "Linguistic Survey Of India Vol Ii Mon Khmer Siamese Chinese Families"

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The Genitive takes no prefix or suffix, hut is placed after the governing word. Thus
yoS fcw0, a tail, o]_ F<> a fish; yD 8 v\ hang p&> a fish's tail ; [8 nm, hand, os$
mew, he, ^8 o<;$ mw man, his hand.

Other prefixes and suffixes used to indicate cases are the following. A line follow-
ing a word indicates a prefix. When two words are separated by a line, it indicates that
the noun is placed between them ;

tl - , Hnwft, to,

\itk - , \uk - mat, from.

"hang- - , to, for.

an - , with, by means of.

tang - , withs together with,

Adjectives. These do not change lor gender.   They follow the nouns they qualify.

Thus 0^*5 <; \dn nl3 a good (nZ) man Particles Indicating number or case are
appended to the last word.

The Comparative is formed by prefixing khen\ more, to the adjective, and adding
mai or fam*8hil. Thus, 

ko                  ,-nai               wiai              \.on                   a-naw"               khen         than

man                  this             than           man                  that               more          olds

i.e., that man (is) older than this man.

bit                   &n                     Men                   you                l&m-shi

boat             which                more                large               than                          that,

i.e 3 a boat which is Larger than that.

To form the Superlative we say * more than all ', as in Men yau lum-$Jii iang-mung,
larger than all, largest. Sometimes tl is prefixed to tang-mting, as khen yau him ft

The Numerals are given in the list of words. All are pronounced with the rising
tone except lung, one , sM3 four ; ha, five ; shaw, twenty. The following are not in the
list of words : 988 hcngt a thousand ; <^<S mm, ten thousand ; oSj^ shen> a hundred

The figures are,
0  1;  J   2; 9 3;  9 -1 ;   0 3,  S 6;  \  7, O 8;  6 9; 0 0.

c^S ^tl%, one, is usually written ^JT.

Generic words can be added to numerals, as in Ahom. Mr. Needham's grammar
gives twelve common ones. We may mention oj8 Jco, used when counting human

beings; oqS to, used when counting animals ; and &><$ aw (? straightforward tone),
used in counting things generally.

-------------------------*-^^oaa^aMmiiBii    ,t.           !.!.
11 regxat that I do not know the tonfis of Men or of lum>hi.